The drought in South Eastern Australia

17.08.2018

Farmers from South Eastern Australia are facing their worst drought in 100 years. The entire state of New South Wales (in South-east of Australia) is now impacted by drought. A total of 77% of the state is either in drought or drought affected, while 23% is experiencing intense drought. A tough situation that left many farmers with failing crops, a short supply of water and diminishing livestock feed.

WHY IS THIS HAPPENING ?

Less than 10mm of rain was recorded in some area of New South Wales during the month of July and drier-than-normal conditions are forecast for the next three months across the majority of the state.Some aspects of drought are linked with climate change, others are not. But there is some evidence to suggest that climate change is causing drought conditions in some parts of Australia, especially in the south. Much more work is needed to understand the impacts of the effects of climate change on different aspects and types of drought.

THE FUTURE

Future projections of drought are also difficult to constrain, as they vary across Australia and depend on the measure of drought being used. Climate models project a continuing decline in rainfall over southern Australia over the next century. Dry conditions like this one are projected to become more frequent in the future, probably more extreme, with more intense rain events and fewer light rain days. This would potentially influence what future droughts look like, and how and where water moves through the land.

HOW PRECISION AGRICULTURE CAN HELP ?

Precision Agriculture can help boost yields and minimise the overwatering for crops which can be a great help for farmers facing drought condition. At Vultus our mission is to eliminate waste in farming. This will significantly reduce the negative environmental impact of farming, and ensure our ability to feed the world. Our main product, nitrogen recommendations, directly targets this mission, whilst several other projects help reduce and even revert environmental damage. Such projects include combating coastal erosion, toxic algae blooms, drought through remote sensing and decision support.

SOURCES :
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/aug/08/nsw-declared-100-in-drought-as-farmers-fear-relief-package-too-late
https://theconversation.com/is-australias-current-drought-caused-by-climate-change-its-complicated-97867
https://arad.co.il/blog/5-smart-agriculture-strategies-to-turn-less-water-into-more-food/